I Have to Explain the $500 Deposit in MY Bank?? WHY??

scavenger huntIt’s suffice to say that my clients do NOT like lender required document ‘scavenger hunts’ – let’s be honest, who really does? In today’s world of tighter credit standards, loan ‘buy-backs’, uber compliance and 100% audits (vs the good ol days of 10% audits) it’s critical that lenders underwrite your loan to the inth degree, crossing all T’s and dotting all I’s. Ultimately this prevents a couple of things from happening:

  1. The lender will be able to sell or securitize your loan which then frees up more capital for the lender to continue to lending to more home buyers and those that need to refinance
  2. You are not inconvenienced post-closing with requests for MORE documents

The number one grief I see clients experiencing is proving a solid paper trail for the money being used for qualifying (including the down payment and closing costs). Now, I use the term ‘qualifying’ because often times lenders must verify sufficient funds for down payment + closing costs AND reserves (more on this later). Please note that every single red cent must be sourced, seasoned, and verified.

In a perfect world the lender collects two months’ worth of COMPLETE (all pages) bank statements showing sufficient funds for closing withOUT any large deposits (greater than $300) that are not payroll related.

For example – let’s say your total cash-to-close is $20,000 and your bank statements show that you’ve had an average balance for the last two months of $25,000. There are some noticeable large deposits BUT they are clearly payroll deposits with your employer listed in the memo line on your bank statements. Easy peasy lemon squeezy! Done!

Unfortunately it is very rarely that simple. Here are just a few things that will send an underwriter into orbit and require an explanation and possibly further documentation:

  1. Bank statements show money being transferred in from another account – lender will undoubtedly request statements from the other account
  2. ‘In Branch’ or ‘ATM’ deposits – if these are greater than ~$300 OR if there are multiple deposits like this the lender will require an explanation and possibly documentation
  3. Name on the account is a/your business – be prepared to provide documents
  4. Using funds from a brokerage account requiring the liquidation of assets (stocks, bonds, etc) – be prepared to provide a paper trail sourcing the liquidation

large depositsUsing the same figures from the above example – let’s say your total cash-to-close is $20,000 and your most recent two month’s bank statements show your current balance to be $18,000. Although you may be thinking “I’ll easily accumulate the additional $2,000 needed for closing between now and closing day”…..unfortunately it’s just not that easy. Believe it or not lenders will require documentation of the additional $2,000 in advance of closing day – at least a week or two in advance. The lender will require documentation showing the additional $2,000 going into your bank account AND require an updated balance showing that $20,000 is now in your account.

Here’s where it gets a little tricky (which is fancy mortgage talk for ‘frustrating’). IF you’ve had any undocumented deposits (like those from the list above) from the time you provided your last bank statement to the time you deposited the additional $2,000 the lender will require an explanation AND documentation.

piles of documentsFor example – if mom, dad, boss, best friend, charity or your church gave you a few hundred dollars because you’re a great friend AND that deposit shows up on the updated bank statement that the lender needed in effort to document the additional $2,000 needed for your cash-to-close then, well, you probably guessed it, yep, the lender is going to require documentation on that.

There are so many scenarios, way too many scenarios to cover in this short artiCOLE – my mission here is simply to help explain the WHY behind all the requests. As a 16 year badge totin’ veteran loan officer (I made up the badge part) the last thing I want to do is send my clients on a scavenger hunt. A good loan officer, a good consultant, an advisor worth their salt sets the table up front and establishes very clear expectations thereby preventing later frustration.

Real estate finance can be very complicating, overwhelming, taxing and laborious – however, according to cole, it doesn’t have to be. If you are experiencing these symptoms let’s talk, I’d absolutely love the opportunity to show you how lending can and should be. 682.223.6210 OR cole@coleholmes.com


2 thoughts on “I Have to Explain the $500 Deposit in MY Bank?? WHY??

  1. Hi Cole,

    I liked it but it doesn’t quite explain why the investor, not the bank, needs to see the trail of information. I understand that it’s to sell the loan to free up money to lend out to others but why does the security purchaser need that information.

    Thank you!

    1. Hi Jan, GREAT question! banks/lenders require all money be sourced and seasoned and any monies used for qualifying must be the client’s own money (unless an approved gift). lenders must ensure that the money being used is, in fact, the client’s own money and NOT a loan of some sort. Therefore undocumented deposits will need to be verified in attempt to tie the money to the client (borrower). I hope that helps – thank you again for the question!

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